Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools
Log in
Sections
You are here: Home Volume III May 2004 Product Review: More Spectral Analysis Of 150 Watt Double-ended Metal Halide Lamps

Product Review: More Spectral Analysis Of 150 Watt Double-ended Metal Halide Lamps

By Sanjay Joshi, Ph.D. Posted May 14, 2004 08:00 PM Pomacanthus Publications, Inc.
Sanjay tests nine new bulbs and presents the data for each one.

In an earlier article, I presented the spectral analysis of five 150W Double Ended (DE) lamps along with 4 different ballasts. Since the publication of the previous article I have received 9 more 150W DE lamps. In this article we present the analysis of the lamps shown in Table 1 along with the ballasts used. The ballasts tested are a selection of electronic and magnetic ballasts that are commonly available to a reef aquarist. The magnetic ballasts for these tests were a Venture M81 and the electronic ballasts used was the Icecap electronic and Giesemann ballast as used in the NOVA II fixture. The test setup used is identical to the setup used in [1]. As usual the same equipment was used and the lamp to sensor distance was set at 18", thus allowing direct comparisons to be made with all our prior results.

Spectral data was collected for the bare lamps as well in a shielded situation, since almost all applications recommend using the lamp in a glass shielded fixture. A 1/8" glass shield taken from the PFO fixture was used. The glass shield was placed on top of the sensor to eliminate any stray unshielded light from reaching the sensor. This would allow us to determine the impact of the glass shield on light output.

The data collected is presented as follows: The spectral data and light output for each of the lamps is first compared using a single ballast. This allows for direct comparison of the spectral differences between the lamps. The next section presents the data for each lamp when used with different ballasts.

Table 1: List Of Lamps And Ballasts Tested
150W Lamps 150W Ballasts
HIT(BLV) 10000K M81, Icecap, Geisemann
Giesemann 10000K
IceCap 6500K
Iwasaki 50000K
Radium 20000K
XDE 10000K
XDE 20000K
Coralvue 20000K
Aqua Connect 14000K Plus

Spectral Output Of The Lamps (Single Ballast)

Since the ANSI- M81 is the recommended ballast, we decided to compare the lamps using this ballast to establish a baseline performance.

The figure 1 below shows the spectral output of the 8 different lamps when operated by the same ballast (ANSI-M81), with the power consumption, PPFD and CCT shown in Table 2.

fig1-all-lamps-m81.gif

Figure 1. Spectral Plots of the lamps on M-81 ballast

Table 2: Comparison of PPFD, CCT, and Power use of the different 150W DE lamps with the M81 ballast (unshielded)
Lamp Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD CCT
HIT(BLV) 10000K 228 122.2 1.89 83.12 9128
Giesemann 10000K 215 123.6 1.82 76.4 9519
Ice Cap 6500K 206 123.5 1.79 96.1 7060
Iwasaki 50000K 198 121.9 1.74 51.16 na
Radium 20000K 228 122.6 1.98 58.3 na
XDE 10000K 202 122.1 1.75 77.3 9445
XDE 20000K 181 123 1.61 28.8 na
Coralvue 20000K 198 123 1.71 36.5 na
Aqua Connect 14000K 198 122.2 1.7 46.0 na

These lamps are often recommended for use in fixture with UV shielding glass. To determine the impact of the UV shielding glass, the lamps were tested with the shield placed over the sensor. Table 3 shows the impact on PPFD and CCT of using a 1/8" UV shielding glass removed from a PFO lighting fixture.

Table 3: Comparison of PPFD, CCT, and Power use of the different 150W DE lamps with the M81 ballast (shielded)
Lamp Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD CCT
HIT(BLV) 10000K 228 122.2 1.89 67.4 8245
Giesemann 10000K 215 123.6 1.82 60.9 8552
Ice Cap 6500K 206 123.5 1.79 78.7 6817
Iwasaki 198 121.9 1.74 41.99 na
Radium 20000K 228 122.6 1.98 47.06 na
XDE 10000K 202 122.1 1.75 61.1 8349
XDE 20000K 181 123 1.61 23.26 na
Coralvue 20000K 198 123 1.71 29.3 na
Aqua Connect 14000K 198 122.2 1.7 37.3 na

The use of the shield resulted in a drop in the PPFD ranging from 18%-20.2%, with a larger drop in the UV and blue ranges, consistent with the range observed in our previous studies on other 150W and 250W DE lamps.

Comparison Of Lamps Under Different Ballasts

In this section we present the results of testing the different lamps using different ballasts. For each lamp, the 3 ballasts were used to fire the lamps and data is presented for the unshielded and shielded case. Spectral data is only provided for the shielded case, since we feel that most lamps will be used in this manner.

HIT 10000K

Table 4: 150W HIT 10000K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 228 122.2 1.89 83.12 9128 67.4 8245
Icecap 168 123.2 1.45 60.1 8502 48.8 7802
Giesemann 174 122.5 1.48 59.6 8822 48.7 8068
fig2-hit10k.gif

Figure 2. Spectral Plots of the 150W HIT 10000K Shielded Lamps

Giesemann Megachrome 10000K

Table 5: 150W Giesemann Megachrome 10000K Shielded and Unshielded:
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 215 123.6 1.82 76.4 9519 60.9 8552
Icecap 170 123 1.44 59.48 9742 48.1 8675
Giesemann 175 120.4 1.5 60.15 9844 49.03 8844
fig3-gieseman10k.gif

Figure 3. Spectral Plots of the 150W Giesemann Megachrome 10000K Shielded Lamps

IceCap 6500K

Table 6: 150W Icecap 6500K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 206 123.5 1.79 96.1 7060 78.7 6817
Icecap 168 122 1.46 76.1 7356 51.2 6925
Giesemann 171 122.6 1.45 69.7 7069 57.5 6743
fig4-icecap65k.gif

Figure 4. Spectral Plots of the 150W Icecap 6500K Shielded Lamps

Iwasaki 50000K

Table 7: 150w Iwasaki 50000K Shielded And Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 198 121.9 1.74 51.16 na 41.99 na
Icecap 168 123.5 1.44 43.8 na 32.1 na
Giesemann 174 122.5 1.48 46.7 na 37.6 na
fig5-iwasaki50k.gif

Figure 5. Spectral Plots of the 150W Iwasaki 50000K Shielded Lamps

Radium 20000K

Table 8: 150W Radium 20000K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 228 122.6 1.98 58.3 na 47.06 na
Icecap 166 121.6 1.45 44.6 na 36.2 na
Giesemann 173 123 1.48 46.7 na 39.6 na
fig6-radium20k.gif

Figure 6. Spectral Plots of the 150W Radium 20000K Shielded Lamps

XDE 10000K

Table 9: 150W XDE 10000K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 202 122.1 1.75 77.3 9445 61.1 8349
Icecap 175 121.3 1.49 68.3 9031 55.9 8157
Giesemann 173 122.5 1.47 67.04 8894 54.6 8102
fig7-xde10k.gif

Figure 7. Spectral Plots of the 150W XDE 10000K Shielded Lamps

XDE 20000K

Table 10 150W XDE 20000K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 181 123 1.61 28.8 na 23.26 na
Icecap 173 123.4 1.45 32.4 na 26.33 na
Giesemann 168 120.5 1.42 30.15 na 24.11 na
fig8-xde20k.gif

Figure 8. Spectral Plots of the 150W XDE 20000K Shielded Lamps

CORALVUE 20000K

Table 11: 150W Coralvue 20000K Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 198 123 1.71 36.5 na 29.3 na
Icecap 174 122.9 1.45 37.21 na 30.66 na
Giesemann 178 123.1 1.45 36.41 na 29.74 na
fig9-cvue20k.gif

Figure 9. Spectral Plots of the 150W Coralvue 20000K Shielded Lamps

Aqua Connect 14000K Plus

Table 12: 150W Aqua Connect 14000K Plus Shielded and Unshielded
Ballast Power (Watts) Voltage (Volts) Current (Amps) PPFD (UnShielded) CCT (Unshielded) PPFD (Shielded) CCT (Shielded)
M81 195 122.2 1.7 46.1 na 37.8 na
Icecap 174 122.7 1.48 45.8 na 37.1 na
Giesemann 166 122.8 1.41 46 na 37.3 na
fig10-aqcon14k.gif

Figure 10. Spectral Plots of the 150W Aqua Connect 14000K Plus Shielded Lamps

Comparison of the 150W DE Lamps

Figures 11 and 12 show graphically the variation in the PPFD of the lamps when used with different ballasts and the variation in PPFD vs. power consumed by the lamp ballast combinations. The spectral differences were shown earlier in Figure 1. As seen from these plots, there is very little variation among the electronic ballasts. As usual the higher PPFD values are for lamps with lower CCT. The XDE 20000K and Coralvue 20000K had the lowest PPFD even when compared to similar lamps in its class - Radium and Iwasaki. The higher PPFD values are typically from higher K rated lamps. This data can be used to directly compare the results from out previous studies since they are all taken at the same distance from the lamp.

fig11-ppfd-all-ballasts.gif

Figure 11. PPFD Data (Unshielded) for all lamps on all ballasts

fig12-ppfd-vs-power.gif

Figure 12. PPFD (Unshielded) vs Power Consumption

Conclusion

The 150W double ended lamps are very attractive choice for lighting, and in fact we feel they are a better choice when compared to the 175W single ended lamps - based on the fact they produce as much light as the 175W lamps and consume less electricity. Also, the smaller size of the lamps makes it more effective in a reflective fixture. The electronic ballasts for the 150W lamps are also attractive because of the size, weight and heat issues, but they seem to slightly under drive the lamps as compared to the magnetic ballast. There now are a large variety of lamps in this class available to the hobby and hopefully this article along with the previous one on 150W DE lamps will help the reef aquarist make an informed choice.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank several people whose help made this study possible. They were kind enough to provide us with lamps and ballasts for testing: Patrick at PFO Lighting, Brian at HelloLights.com, Andy at IceCap Inc, Phil from Giesemann and Edward from Aqua Connect. Finally, we would like to thank Dr. Paul Walker of Penn State University for the use of the spectroradiometer and dark room for testing the lamps.

References

  1. Joshi, S. and Marks, T., 2002. Spectral Analysis of 150W Double Ended Metal Halide Lamps and Ballasts. http://www.advancedaquarist.com/2002/11/aafeature2/feature2.htm
Document Actions
blog comments powered by Disqus
ADVANCED AQUARIST