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You are here: Home Volume IV January 2005 Feature Article: More Spectral Analysis of 400W Lamps and Ballasts: EVC, Hamilton, Aquaconnect and Helios Lamps and EVC, Blueline, Reef Fanatic and Icecap Ballasts

Feature Article: More Spectral Analysis of 400W Lamps and Ballasts: EVC, Hamilton, Aquaconnect and Helios Lamps and EVC, Blueline, Reef Fanatic and Icecap Ballasts

By Sanjay Joshi, Ph.D. Posted Jan 14, 2005 07:00 PM Pomacanthus Publications, Inc.
Sanjay tests and discusses new lamps and ballasts that have become available to the hobby.

Since my last review of 400W mogul base lamps [1], I have received several new lamps and several electronic ballasts for these lamps. New 400W mogul lamps by Ocean Encounter sold under the EVC label in 10000K, 14000K and 20000K versions, Helios Lamps in 12500K and 20000K versions, Hamilton 10000K and 14000K and the Aquaconnect 14000K lamp were tested. In addition to the these lamps, there are now more choices available for electronic ballasts for these lamps sold by Reef Fanatic, EVC by Ocean Encounter, Blueline by Champion Lighting and the electronic Icecap Ballast. In addition some of the previously tested lamps the XM 20000K and the Ushio 10000K were also tested with these new ballasts. A total of 64 spectral plots and performance data is presented in this article.

Lamp Ballast
EVC 10000K Magnetek Ballast (M59)
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
EVC 14000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
EVC 20000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
HELIOS 12500K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
HELIOS 20000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
HAMILTON 10000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
HAMILTON 14000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
AQUACONNECT 14000K Magnetek Ballast
PFO - "HQI"
"HQI"-Taiwan
Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
USHIO 10000K Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic
XM 20000K Icecap
Blueline
EVC
Reef Fanatic

For each lamp/ballast combination listed, data was collected on the Spectrum, Photosynthetic Photon flux Density (PPFD) or PAR, as well as data on the power consumption of the ballasts. The power consumption was determined using a Vector True RMS power meter into which the ballast was plugged. The Vector power meter also records the voltage and current. The test setup used was the same as previous lamp tests [1], thus allowing for direct comparison of the results of these lamps with previously tested lamps [1-4].

EVC 400W 10000K

This is a new lamp introduced by Ocean Encounter (www.oceanencounter.com). As seen from the Table 2 and Figure 1, this lamp provides considerable amount of PPFD, and performs quite well on the standard M59 ballast. The PPFD values obtained on this lamp are comparable to the XM 400W 10000K lamp.

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Blueline 386 120.0 3.37 151.2 10047 0.39
EVC 412 123.2 3.46 164.8 8600 0.40
HQI 450 121.3 5.26 173.3 8441 0.38
Icecap 420 120.6 3.58 172.2 8371 0.41
Magnetic 485 120.3 4.27 204.7 8330 0.42
Reef Fanatic 423 120.6 3.66 175.9 8935 0.41
Taiwan 492 120.2 4.37 220.1 8194 0.44

Figure 1: Spectral Plot of the 400W EVC 10000K lamp on different ballasts.

EVC 10,000K

EVC 400W 14000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Icecap 422 121.9 3.58 111.9 na 0.265
Blueline 381 122.7 3.22 102.8 na 0.269
Reef Fanatic 425 122.3 3.61 116.6 na 0.274
Magnetic 388 123 3.59 92.6 na 0.238
HQI 541 121.3 5.08 146.6 na 0.270
EVC 412 123 3.47 114 na 0.276
Taiwan 465 122 4.14 131.5 na 0.282


Figure 2: Spectral Plot of the 400W EVC 14000K lamps with different ballasts

EVC 14,000K

EVC 20000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT EfficiencyPPFD/Watt
Icecap 419 121.3 3.57 95 na 0.226
Blueline 386 121.9 3.31 88.6 na 0.229
Reef Fanatic 423 121.8 3.63 97.8 na 0.231
Magnetic 402 121.8 3.7 81.8 na 0.203
HQI 543 121.7 5.24 122.9 na 0.226
EVC 414 123.6 3.48 118.6 na 0.286
Taiwan 465 121.8 4.07 107.6 na 0.231

Figure 3: Spectral Plot of the 400W EVC 20000K lamps with different ballasts

EVC 20,000K

HELIOS 12500K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT EfficiencyPPFD/Watt
Taiwan 443 123.3 3.83 124.6 17965 0.281
Icecap 412 123.2 3.45 115.2 24427 0.280
HQI 525 123.2 5.33 155.3 10728 0.296
Blueline 378 123.4 3.18 93.9 97715 0.248
EVC 415 123.6 3.49 121.2 15778 0.292
Reef Fanatic 420 123 3.55 136 13911 0.324
Magnetic 398 123.9 3.64 82.5 na 0.207

Figure 4: Spectral Plot of the 400W Helios 12500K lamps with different ballasts

Helios 12,500K

Helios 20000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Magnetic 385 121 3.62 96.5 na 0.251
HQI 526 122.9 4.94 149.6 na 0.284
Taiwan 465 122.7 4.07 137.1 na 0.295
EVC 416 123.2 3.52 125.5 na 0.302
Reef Fanatic 424 123.2 3.6 127.7 na 0.301
Blueline 383 123.3 3.22 112.2 na 0.293
Icecap 420 122.9 3.52 119.9 na 0.285

Figure 5: Spectral Plot of the 400W Helios 20000K lamps with different ballasts

Helios 20,000K

HAMILTON 10000K Lamp

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Taiwan HQI 514 122.8 4.38 191.2 9262 0.372
PFO HQI 519 123.1 5.54 208.5 8418 0.402
Reef Fanatic 426 122.4 3.62 171.3 8402 0.402
Magnetic 471 122.3 4.08 184 8788 0.391
Blueline 386 121.6 3.31 122 8946 0.316
EVC 414 122.9 3.5 148.9 8199 0.360
Icecap 419 121.2 3.57 143.6 8978 0.343

Figure 6: Spectral Plot of the 400W Hamilton 10000K lamps with different ballasts

Hamilton 10,000K

HAMILTON 14000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Taiwan HQI 450 123.3 3.97 115.3 0 0.256
PFO HQI 512 122.4 5.6 140.5 34583 0.274
Reef Fanatic 426 123 3.61 125.1 79735 0.294
Magnetic 449 122.9 3.98 96.5 0 0.215
Blueline 387 121.6 3.31 84.97 0 0.220
EVC 412 122.2 3.49 104.2 0 0.253
Icecap 414 122.2 3.49 80.93 0 0.195

Figure 7: Spectral Plot of the 400W Hamilton 14000K lamps with different ballasts

Hamilton 14,000K

AQUACONNECT 14000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Taiwan HQI 448 122.8 4.14 134.8 na 0.301
PFO HQI 536 123 4.8 170 na 0.317
Reef Fanatic 428 122.9 3.63 141.5 na 0.331
Magnetic 341 120.6 3.35 80.8 na 0.237
Blueline 378 121.6 3.23 124 na 0.328
EVC 416 123.2 3.51 146.2 na 0.351
Icecap 418 121.5 3.56 143 na 0.342

Figure 8: Spectral Plot of the 400W Aquaconnect 14000K lamps with different ballasts

Aquaconnect 14,000K

XM 20000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Icecap 414 121.9 3.51 99.26 na 0.240
Blueline 385 122.5 3.28 91 na 0.236
EVC 412 122.9 3.48 94.8 na 0.230
Reef Fanatic 422 122.6 3.59 96.4 na 0.228

Figure 9: Spectral Plot of the 400W XM 20000K lamps with different ballasts

XM 20,000K

USHIO 10000K

Ballast Power Input Volts Input Amp PPFD CCT Efficiency
PPFD/Watt
Reef Fanatic 424 122.8 3.59 149.4 7267 0.352
Blueline 384 120.8 3.32 119.2 7199 0.310
EVC 413 122.7 3.5 143.1 7233 0.346
Icecap 419 120.6 3.59 138.1 7191 0.330

Figure 10: Spectral Plot of the 400W Ushio 10000K lamps with different ballasts

Ushio 10,000K

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank several people whose help made this study possible. They were kind enough to provide us with lamps and ballasts for testing: Patrick at PFO Lighting, Brian at HelloLights.com, Brad Shaw and Perry at Sunlight Supply, Leonhard Ho for the use of his Taiwan "HQI" ballast, Vince from Ocean Encounter, and TAAM enterprises for the Helios Lamps. Finally, we would like to thank Dr. Paul Walker of Penn State University for the use of the spectroradiometer.

References

  1. Joshi, S and Mark, T., Spectral Analysis of 400W Lamps: XM, Radium, Osram and Sunmaster, PFO, Advanced Aquarist, Feb 2004. http://www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/feb2004/feature2.htm
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