To our readers from all over planet Earth, Happy New Year.
Feature Article: Granular Activated Carbon, Part 1: Modeling of Operational Parameters for Dissolved Organic Carbon Removal from Marine Aquaria
Chemistry Department, The Pennsylvania State University. In this first part of a two part series, the authors will introduce granular activated carbon and explain the experimental goals and mathematical models used in their research.
These animals are generally hardy in captivity and can grow rather quickly, making them attractive to beginning and intermediate reefkeepers.
Feature Article: Coral Coloration, Part 9: Tridacna and Other Photosynthetic Clam Coloration, With Observations on Possible Functions
This month, we will continue our observations of marine invertebrate coloration with a slightly different subject - that of the impressive appearance of photosynthetic clams.
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The information in this article is by large the result of my 22+ years of experience observing these animals in my own tanks, as well as tracking the results obtained by other hobbyists during that time.
How can a hobbyist decide how to set up their tank if they don't have an idea on how the water will move in the tank?
This month, our readers give tips on breeding livestock.