In Part 1 of this article, we go over the basics of heat transfer theory as applied to aquariums.
Feature Article: Environmental Stability: Nature v. Aquarium: Photosynthetically Active Radiation, Ultraviolet Radiation, Dissolved Oxygen, and ORP, Part 2
We'll resume our discussion of various physical parameters beginning with Photosynthetically Active Radiation, or PAR, followed by UV Radiation, Dissolved Oxygen, and finally ORP.
The major contributors to heat in the display tank are lights, ambient temperature, and heat from pumps, especially those that are submerged. Chillers and room air conditioners work very well, but are expensive to buy and run.
Aquarium Chemistry: The Carbonate System in the Aquarium, and the Ocean, Part III: Methods Available to the Aquarist.
A variety of methods have been devised for maintaining carbonate chemistry parameters in aquaria. Some have proven very effective while others are much less so. This month we'll discuss methods that are commonly utilized by aquarists to manipulate carbonate chemistry, yet prove to be less than ideal at encouraging growth in calcifying organisms.
Gary Lindner and Russ Kikel at AmericanReef.com this month bring you another podcast, this one dealing with shark management at the Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium..
Check our Events calendar to see if a conference, frag swap, or club meeting is happening in your area.
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