For aquarists who keep non-photosynthetic corals that require massive feeding, have large tanks, or a dense fish population the costs of regular GFO replacement can be significant. With a few simple tools and techniques we can easily regenerate GFO so that it can be reused several times over.
The Flamboyant cuttle is one of the most amazing animals I have encountered in the wild or in captivity. They are beautiful, masterful predators that live fast and die young. It is my hope that one day they will be bred in captivity and readily available for all cephalopod enthusiasts.
Feature Article: Types of Phosphorus in a Reef Aquarium and Comments and Observations of Removal by Protein Skimming
This testing makes it clear this protein skimmer did remove phosphorus, although the process may not be particularly effective as a sole method of P control, and phosphate could accumulate in the system if other removal mechanisms are not used.
Kindle and Nook / Sony eReader editions are now available for this issue!
AmericanReef Video Podcast: Sea Turtle Conservation with Josie Romasco of the Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium
AmericanReef.com visits with Josie Romasco, founder of the Sea Turtle Second Chance conservation program to discuss their goals.
There is much to be learned about this valuable aquarium fish (reports of captive spawns of some sand tilefish species have certainly been encouraging); clearly, the suitability of these intriguing animals for the home, and public, aquarium has yet to be fully demonstrated.
(With special thanks to Dr. Roy Caldwell) Octopus chierchiae is an amazing little animal and is clearly worth further study.
Tunze makes many claims about the Wavebox - a pump producing 'high speed' currents while using little power, wave heights of 3 cm (1.18 inches) with oscillations corresponding 'precisely' to wave action seen on natural reefs. How do these claims hold up under scrutiny?
Terry talks about Hurricane Earl, Murphy's Law, and how he ended up purchasing a generator that uses propane as its fuel source.
Congratulations to Karin Baker, our book winner!
However, these specialty lamps should lend themselves well to applications devised by an enterprising hobbyist. Replacing these lamps every six months (~2,000 hours of operation) should not be a difficult or expensive endeavor.
This article focuses on aquascaping, terrascaping, and stocking paludaria; a preceding article began this discussion with a focus on paludarium construction.
Due to the fact that there are so many things that can lead to bleaching, it can be quite difficult to identify its specific cause at times. However, by starting with the basics, and using your head, there's a good chance you can find and fix the problem.