Aquarium Chemistry: The Carbonate System in the Aquarium, and the Ocean, Part III: Methods Available to the Aquarist.
A variety of methods have been devised for maintaining carbonate chemistry parameters in aquaria. Some have proven very effective while others are much less so. This month we'll discuss methods that are commonly utilized by aquarists to manipulate carbonate chemistry, yet prove to be less than ideal at encouraging growth in calcifying organisms.
In Part 1 of this article, we go over the basics of heat transfer theory as applied to aquariums.
Feature Article: Environmental Stability: Nature v. Aquarium: Photosynthetically Active Radiation, Ultraviolet Radiation, Dissolved Oxygen, and ORP, Part 2
We'll resume our discussion of various physical parameters beginning with Photosynthetically Active Radiation, or PAR, followed by UV Radiation, Dissolved Oxygen, and finally ORP.
Gary Lindner and Russ Kikel at AmericanReef.com bring you a two-part video tour of Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium’s 1,500 gallon Indo-Pacific Reef tank.
Aquarists working with fish from this region are quickly struck with how similar some species from West Africa are to those from other regions, such as the tropical Western Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
It is vitally important that we supply our critters with water that is constantly well oxygenated through aeration and or circulation.
This article reviews the new series of electronic ballasts recently introduced by Lumatek, Sunlight Supply - Galaxy Electronic Ballasts, and Proline's Vertex electronic ballasts.
In this article, we'll compare some physical parameters of various types of reef biotopes to those observed in a small aquarium. How does the stability of this 140 gallon system stack up to various natural environments? What are the long term effects of the varying conditions seen in an aquarium?
Terry discusses tips on acclimation, nutrition, supplements, the immune system, and medication for Aquarists.
While this discussion is by no means an exhaustive list of worthy species nor a complete guide for aquarium husbandry, it is hoped that the descriptions and images of the creatures herein featured arouse a greater interest in this highly rewarding art.
Terry starts out the new column by talking about tank selection.
Feature Article: A Different Look at Lighting: Effects of Prolonged Photoperiod, Spectral Quality, and Light Dosage
Some reef aquaria 'experts' have suggested that we understand all we need to know about lighting of reef aquaria. This article will suggest otherwise.