Randy discusses iron and its usage in our aquariums.
We will continue building our annotated glossary focusing on the basic language and concepts of captive reef system chemistry.
Randy discusses the importance of calcium supplementation using a variety of techniques .
This article provides a series of solutions to common pH problems in aquaria, and should permit most aquarists to diagnose and solve the pH problems that may arise in their own tanks.
Randy answers many questions in this complex relationship.
All reef aquarists are versed in the fact that such organisms remove calcium and carbonate from the water column in order to provide materials for calcification. Exactly how calcification takes place, however, is rarely considered.
Randy discusses calcium and its role in helping maintain a healthy marine aquarium.
Randy provides an overview of alkalinity as to why it's important, how it's measured, and how can it be tested.
This month Dana and Miguel discuss the importance of spectrum and intensity of aquarium lighting.
This month, Randy explains and reviews specific gravity.