To our knowledge, this is the first report of P. lutea's daytime spawning as early as July in Hawaiian waters. The take home message is clear - not all corals spawn at night or do our observations of P. lutea's spawning behaviors correspond to any particular lunar phase. In fact, our observations suggest spawnings are random during periods of warmer water.
Why should anyone be interested in a rather obscure subject such as this? After all, we know that coral animals (hosts) and zooxanthellae (symbionts) generally have a mutually beneficial relationship. New information may make us re-think the symbiosis between Symbiodinium and coral animals.
It is hoped that this article not only serves as a useful guideline for locating, harvesting, and maintaining specimens for the home aquarium, but furthermore adequately promotes the return of these beautiful creatures to their rightful place of eminence in the marine aquarium hobby.
The Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium has succeeded in breeding a sea lion pup for the second year in a row!
Russ goes behind the scene at Todd Melman’s coral farming facility, Coral Reef Systems.
AmericanReef.com talks with Bob Snowden about Troubled Waters, a Caribbean exhibit at the PPG Aquarium in Pittsburgh.
AmericanReef.com talks with Todd Melman about coral farming.
June 06, 2009 — Bubble Tip Anemones eating. This is the right half of a 210 gallon AGA Aquarium.
After being in the marine aquarium hobby and trade for almost 20 years, and diving many times around Indonesia, I've had a lot of experience with this particular anemone.
October 16, 2008 — Wired Science gets the scoop on how the elaborate coral exhibit at the California Academy of Sciences was created, and how the museum introduced the coral into it's new environment.
Media Review: The Complete Illustrated Breeder’s Guide to Marine Aquarium Fishes by Matthew L. Wittenrich
Should someone interested in breeding marine ornamental fish read this book? Read the review to find out.
Never forget, regardless of how difficult it may be, it's better to be patient and thoroughly check out a potential purchase, rather than acting hastily and having something die in your aquarium.
The description of this tanks sounds like a list of things not to do when setting up a reef tank: it has no live rock, no live sand, minimal filtration, no additives, the water is never tested, 100% water changes and yet this 5 gallon glass box is one of the most attractive, successful and least demanding reef tanks that I have ever set up.
Feature Article: Parasitic Copepods: Enemies of Soft Corals, False Corals, Gorgonians, Anemones, Zoanthids, and Tridacna Clams
This article concludes our brief and incomplete look at copepods capable of potentially harming our captive animals. However, the series will continue with reports of other parasites, including nudibranchs, sea spiders and other 'creepy-crawlies'.
Aquarium Corals: Stony Coral Parasites: Red and Black Bugs: Identification Guide, Preventive Measures, and a Review of Treatment Protocols
This article is but a small tool for use by serious hobbyists in answering many questions.
Dana continues last month's discussion about copepods.
Gary Lindner and Russ Kikel at AmericanReef.com this month bring you another podcast, this one discusses how to naturally control Aiptasia anemones.
There is quite a pool of coral parasite research available, but these research articles are disjointed and scattered among the internet and some obscure journals.
Here, we report the effects observed before and after two monthly water exchanges and discussion the results' implications.