Do It Yourself
Richard revisits the position of the nipple orientation of metal halide bulbs and gives additional testing information.
Tips for tweaking your skimmer, quieting your pumps, removing fish, detritus removal, and protecting your external pumps from an accidental flooding.
This month Dana and Miguel discuss the importance of spectrum and intensity of aquarium lighting.
Richard tests the orientation of the nipple in the Iwasaki and German 10,000K and 20,000K bulbs to see if there is any difference in light intensity depending on nipple orientation.