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Baby sand tiger sharks cannibalize their siblings in the womb

By Shane Graber - Posted May 03, 2013 11:00 AM
The first one that hatches devours all of his sisters and brothers before they're even born! Talk about sibling rivalry!
Baby sand tiger sharks cannibalize their siblings in the womb

.Size differential between the hatchling (H) and an embryo (E) from the same uterus in one of the litters we sampled. In all five litters sampled prior to EC, we observed a similar size differential.

Ed Young over at National Geographic posted an awesome piece yesterday on baby sand tiger sharks. It's a definite must-read on this in utero phenomenon with sand tiger shark breeding and birthing behavior.

To quote Ed:

The first embryo to emerge in each uterus—the ‘hatchling’—always cannibalizes its younger siblings. It’s so voracious that at least one scientist has been bitten by a sand tiger pup while unwisely sticking a finger in a pregnant female’s uterus.

The cannibal not only nourishes itself on its siblings’ bodies, but also gains sole access to the nutritious supply of unfertilized eggs that its mother provides. On this rich diet of yolk and flesh, the hatchling grows at a tremendous pace. When it is eventually born, it’s already a meter in length—that’s big enough to protect it from many predators. “Only really big sharks eat baby sand tigers,” says Demian Chapman from Stony Brook University in New York.

Head over to NatGeo's Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science page and read all the gorey details.

Author: Shane Graber
Location: Indiana

Shane has kept saltwater tanks for the last 12 years, is a research scientist, lives in northern Indiana, and is a proud Advanced Aquarist staffer.


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